The Great King

If you were a leader or a normal person in your time, would you like to have ‘‘the great’’ in your name? Me too. Alexander the Great did some pretty great things while he was a leader, he came upon many challenges like his fathers death and the Persian army. He also created a legacy after his death as we study it today. We are actually studying it in Social Studies. We just started learning about him last week and this is one of the projects we did (to the right).

In 359 B.C., Alexander’s father, Philip II became the king of Macedonia. When he became king one of his biggest goals was to defeat the Persian Empire. Many of you reading this probably has goals for this year like Philip and steps to accomplish them. He first had to unite the Greek city-states and put them under his rule and then he could take his strong army to fight as one against Persia. Philip took control of the city-states one-by-one by defeating/bribing them and others joined on their own will. An Athenian lawyer, Demosthenes, warned the Greeks that Philip threatened the freedom of them. Philip controlled most of Greece before Demosthenes could get followers.

Before Alexander’s father could conquer the Persian Empire, he was killed. Alexander took over at 20 years old ready to accomplish his father’s goal, conquer Persia. His father had put him in the Macedonian army when he was very young so he was in many battles and by the age of 16, he was serving as a commander. Anyways, in 334 B.C. Alexander invaded Asia Minor with 40,000 soldiers and calvary (the strongest and the ones on horseback). His calvary crushed the Persian army at the battle of Granicus. In 333 B.C. he defeated the Persians at Issus which then forced the Persian king, Darius Ⅲ, to run away. Then in 331 B.C. Alexander conquered Egypt and built the city of Alexandria (after himself) there becoming one of the most important cities of the ancient world. Later that year, Alexander defeated Darius’s forces at Gaugamela and then took over the rest of the Persian Empire.

Alexander wasn’t named “the great” for any reason. He created many legacys while being a great leader to his army. In 327 B.C. he and his army marched to India until his soldiers got tired and Alexander decided to lead them home. On their way, the army crossed a desert and there wasn’t very much water. When his soldier’s found some water they put it in a helmet and gave it to Alexander, but he was willing to suffer the same thirst his soldiers were by pouring it on the ground. His health was a wreck when they returned home and then died at age 32. Alexander was a great and brave military leader that would lead his army anywhere and they would follow. One reason we can call him Alexander the Great is that when he died, Alexander was the most powerful ruler in the ancient world. Also, his legacy was a world that knew about Greek culture. Wherever Alexander’s army went, they spread the Greek language, ideas, and art. That is another reason why we call him Alexander the Great.

Alexander definitely lived up to his name. He had a long journey that created an even longer story. From accomplishing his father’s biggest goal to leading his army back home. His legacy changed Greek culture and other places Alexander and his army traveled through. Alexander the Great believed he could conquer his father’s goal and lead his army with him while spreading ideas/language.

Image from

Why and How America Declared Independence

Revolutionary WarThe Revolutionary War or American War represents America’s independence.  This war started in June 1775 and ended in 1783 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.  The starting of the war happened 10 years before the violence of the war actually started.  What lead up to the war started when members of the thirteen original colonies wanted to be represented as part of the British parliament.  The British parliament which was their government by force, raised taxes (this was also known as the Stamp Act).  The Tea Act also took place during this time as well.  The resistance to the British parliament brought up violence to a band of colonists.  This was known as the Boston Massacre of 1770.  Five colonial men had died during the Boston Massacre.  After this happened in 1773 colonial men dressed up as Mohawk  Indians and dumped 342 tea chests into the Boston Harbor (this act is known as the Boston Tea Party).  The parliament was angry and brought British authority into Massachusetts known as the Coercive Acts.

After this a group of colonial men (George Washington, Patrick Henry, John Jay, John and Samuel Adams) joined together against the parliament to give their speeches in 1774.  This was the First Continental Congress, but the First Congress didn’t go to well.  They managed to lower taxation among the parliament and make speeches but that’s all they did.  When they decided to meet again, war and violence had already started.  The date in which they met again was in May 1775.  The first of the violence had started when shots were fired in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.  Younger men that were fifteen or maybe even twelve had fought.  Women, Indians, and African Americans fought in the war also.  They helped out the thirteen colonies that wanted to declare their independence as the United States of America.

Image and information retrieved from

Halloween History

Halloween is a spooky and exhilarating time of year in Ohio. This time of year kids and adults get to carve pumpkins, go trick or treating, tell scary tales, watch blood-curdling movies and enjoy the fall weather. Trick or treating is an exciting and creative time for kids, adults and even pets! Families will decorate their homes in cobwebs, ghosts, vampires, witches, skeletons and more sinister decorations.

All Hallows’ Eve, also known as Halloween, was first celebrated by the Irish Celts. Celts believed that October 31st was the last day of summer. The Celts celebrated this change of season during a festival called Samhain. Soon after, in 43 A.D., the Romans conquered the Celts and took over their Halloween tradition. Subsequently, the Christian Church made All Soul’s Day on November 1, which celebrates the dead. The night before, October 31st, then became known as All Hallows Eve. This was because it was considered the Holy Evening before the official religious holiday that was created to honor all of the people who had died during the year.

Creative juices are always flowing in children and adult’s minds when Halloween comes around. Costumes every year are always so ingenious. They can go from chilling, horrifying costumes to valiant, crazy costumes. Kids also often dress up as favorite characters from a movie, television show or book. Even some families dress together in a theme, such as The Seven Dwarfs, Bacon and Eggs or even a group of superheros!  Every year Halloween gives adults and kids a chance to be someone else. The chance to go trick or treating or attend a Halloween bash gives people an opportunity to dress up, be in a different life and just express themselves. On October 31st kids and adults get to go out and enjoy the eerie holiday known as Halloween.

Information From

Image From

Important Dates in History: Halloween

Halloween:  We’ve heard of it, and usually celebrated it. But do you know where this tradition of dressing up and carving pumpkins? Well, most of you will say no. So, I am here to talk about Halloween’s origins. Here we go.

Some say Halloween has pagan origins. “The Celtic Festival of Samhain (Sow-in)”, which we think is directed to Halloween, and it marked the end of August and the harvest season. The Samhain people held feasts to commemorate the departed souls of our world. Along with the deceased, it was believed that “supernatural beings” came into our realm. But not all of them were good…

Because of that, people started to wear costumes (Not a costume that you get from Party City), and carve turnips in an attempt to scare away evil spirits. Other Customs of Samhain show that people went to other houses for fuel, water, and food for the festival. This tradition came here through Scottish and Irish immigration in the 19th Century. Then, this is where the Pumpkin replaced the Turnip, and the scarecrow and corn husks were added to the tradition.

Since Halloween is linked to paranormal things and the dead, and when people started to get involved in Halloween, the costumes were mostly themed with the dead or ghosts. But these days, costumes have expanded to famous people, and pop culture characters, and more. Instead of asking for offering for the festival, most kids are looking for sweets ( I happen to do so). Playing pranks, telling ghost stories, watching horror films, and going to parties are some of the things we celebrate Halloween with.

That’s how Halloween started, and what we do to celebrate it with. Make sure to check back for more posts on McDowell Media.

Image from: